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ABS injection molding difficulties and precautions
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ABS injection molding difficulties and precautions

Views: 3     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2024-06-14      Origin: Site

ABS injection molding difficulties and precautions

ABS plastic, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, is widely used in electronic appliances, automobiles, toys and other fields because of its excellent mechanical properties, processing properties and economy. However, there are also some difficulties and matters needing attention in the process of ABS injection molding. The following is a discussion of these aspects.


Difficulty analysis

1. Temperature control

ABS plastics are very sensitive to temperature. Excessive cylinder temperature may lead to material degradation, affecting the appearance and performance of the product; Too low may lead to uneven plasticization, affecting the molding quality.

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2. Molding shrinkage rate

The forming shrinkage rate of ABS is large and the direction is obvious, which may lead to warping or deformation of the formed product.


3. Liquidity control

ABS plastic has good fluidity, but improper flow control may cause the material to produce jet or vortex inside the mold, affecting the internal structure of the product.


4. Color stability

ABS plastic color stability is poor in the injection process, easy to appear color difference, especially in multi-color injection molding or large products more obvious.

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Matters needing attention

1. Material drying

ABS plastic is easy to absorb moisture, so it must be adequately dried before injection to avoid silver lines or bubbles in the product.


2. Mold design

The mold design should consider the flow and shrinkage rate of ABS, and reasonably set the gate, runner and cooling system to ensure the uniform filling of the material and the stability of the product size.


3. Set injection molding parameters

Reasonable injection molding parameter setting is very important to ensure product quality. Including cylinder temperature, mold temperature, injection speed, pressure holding time and cooling time.


4. Secondary processing

ABS products may need to be sprayed, electroplating and other secondary processing after injection molding, these processing processes have high requirements for the surface quality of the product, so the appearance quality of the product should be controlled during injection molding.


5. Environmental control

The environment of the injection workshop also has an impact on ABS injection molding. The workshop should be kept clean to avoid impurities such as dust mixed into the material.


6. Post-processing

After injection molding, ABS products may need to be annealed to eliminate internal stress and improve product stability and durability.

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Although there are some difficulties in ABS injection molding, product quality and production efficiency can be effectively improved through reasonable material selection, mold design, injection parameter setting and post-processing. As a practitioner in the injection molding industry, understanding and mastering these difficulties and precautions is the key to enhancing competitiveness and meeting market demand.


On the road of ABS injection molding, we continue to explore and practice, turn every challenge into an opportunity to improve ourselves, and create more high-quality ABS products with professional knowledge and skills.

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